In terms of both its surface area and population size, Baden-Württemberg is the third biggest of the 16 German federal states. An area of 35,751 square kilometres hosts a population of around 11 million people. Located in Germany’s Southwest Baden-Württemberg lies at the very heart of Europe.
Home to internationally renowned corporations and thousands of successful small and medium-sized enterprises (SME) Baden-Württemberg is well known for its innovative drive and inventive spirit. Baden-Württemberg is Europe’s number one region for innovations and belongs to the regions with the highest score in the bioeconomy innovation index according to Spatial Foresight et al. (2017).
Focal points of Baden-Württemberg´s economy include primarily the following future areas (RIS3 priorities): 1.) ICT, intelligent products and industry 4.0; 2.) Sustainable mobility; 3.) Health; 4.) Resource efficiency & renewable energy; 5.) Sustainable Bioeconomy. Focussing on resource efficiency, environmentally compatible materials and sustainable production methods, Baden-Württemberg-based companies are aiming at a pioneering role in the lead industries of the future. In times of dwindling fossil fuels and scarce natural resources, the innovations, technologies and products developed and produced by companies based in Baden-Württemberg are in high demand.
An equally vital facet and economic power of Baden-Württemberg are its rural areas with its innovative agricultural and forestry industry and many successful and innovative SMEs, e.g. in the manufacturing sector. Many highly innovative SMEs are leaders in their field on the world market. The state comprises around 1.4 million hectares of forest and agricultural land. Small and medium-sized farms, which make up the vast majority of agricultural companies in Baden-Württemberg, make an important contribution to sustainable, ecological and socially responsible agriculture. The policy of the state of Baden-Württemberg sets the framework for modern agriculture in times of globalization, helps farmers to set up competitive businesses and ensures environmentally friendly management in times of climate change, the decline of many native species and dwindling resources.